"There's a set of mind that is an absolute requirement. If you're not a person whose starting point is "what am I missing?" rather than "how frickin' great am I?" you are missing something essential to survival. "What am I missing?" is like oxygen. If you're asking, "How great am I?" you're the Night of the Living Dead." - Paul Singer
Access this week's chart booklet leading with housing and wage data. We also cover in-depth corporate trends with AbbVie's Humira patent expiry, Disney in the midst of a streaming war, and Intel caught up in cost cutting.
Bill Baruch joined CNBC's Halftime Report on Thursday. The discussion was wide ranging, including oil, gold and pharma. As his final trade, Bill talked about AbbVie, also covered in this week's chart-pack.
Don't miss episode 6 of our Triple Play Podcast! Bill Baruch and Jannis Meindl talk about the latest macro trends and share 3 actionable stock ideas.
Since there weren't major macro events after an event-driven week last week and CPI next week, I thought it might be best to reflect on where we are in the economic cycle since it's far too easy to forget. It is fair to say that I've been dealing with a whole lot of cognitive dissonance, unclear about where the market gods were going to take us next. But why the confusion?
First, me and many others have gotten accustomed to markets that operate in V shapes. Second, there appears to be an equilibrium of information between bulls and bears. The bulls are banking on inflation continuing to roll over with the Fed returning to its facilitation of ultra-accommodative conditions. On the flipside, the bears point to the yield curve inversion at less than -80bps, which should mean a recession is inevitable.
The highest probability event is, by definition, not the tail outcome. While we might be in for a paradigm shift during which portfolio managers reconstruct and rethink portfolio allocations over long periods of time, the short-term weighs the moods of the day. These moods result in and from money flows affected by the ways in which market makers are positioned, portfolio managers book gains and cut losses, and macro events that create noise around those flows.
Now, if you've read until here, you deserve to see the data that builds and completes the story.
1.) Coming into this year, everyone was looking for the next downside catalyst because as we've learned, prices can stay silly and become sillier until a catalyst leads to a change of mind. As a result, many people turned to credit spreads and signs of capitulation there. The reality, however, is that investment grade bonds one grade above junk are trading at 5.51%. Given that credit markets trade on spreads as a gauge for risk, let's compare the 5.51% against Fed Funds. Compared to Fed Funds, low-quality investment grade only yields 0.94% more than the Fed's overnight rate. For context, during the heights of Covid that blew out to 5%+ and 9%+ during the GFC. While default rates are likely to rise, liabilities on corporate balance sheets got refinanced in 2020 & 2021, leaving corporates in a relatively healthy position for 2023.
2.) Another theme that hasn't come to fruition is the housing market and the ways in which higher rates would lead to a steep deceleration in real estate. Surely, office REITs have gotten caught in the crossfire of hybrid work, the great migration to the south & south-east, and low cap rates that are still uncompetitive compared to risk-free. Nevertheless, demand for housing units has remained robust with the Case-Shiller housing index off by a mere 2.5% from the high in June. That dynamic has unfolded in the face of 30-year fixed mortgage rates rising from a low of ~2.6% in January 2021 to a local high of ~7% in October. What's more, construction of privately-owned housing units is at record highs since FRED started recording the series in 1970. Thus, while the Fed has pointed to a significant deceleration of real-time rents, the market is underpinned by demographics and migration as a driver. Don't forget, as the population ages, the rate of homeownership goes up.
Resulting from the construction shortage on the back of the GFC, homeowner vacancy rates are at record lows with rent vacancy extremely suppressed as well. According to Moody's, today's vacancy rates are indicative of a 1.5years shortfall in housing supply.
Interestingly, despite mortgage rates up almost 3x since the lows, new mortgage applications measured by the MBA are relatively stable. Mortgage applications have remained resilient despite poor home buyer sentiment, indicating that only 17% of consumers think it's a good time to buy a home.
3.) Economic health, which includes the state of housing, is directly affected by consumer spending that hinges on employers' needs to hire and fire. The Atlanta Fed's GDP Nowcast, after a strong Q4, is now indicating 2.2% growth in Q1. Growth is indicated to be strong after credit card companies from Discover to American Express have pointed to low delinquency rates amongst consumers, which in turn leads to increased willingness to grow the loan base. All of the aforementioned factors from housing to consumer spending have defied substantial weakness of leading economic indicators in December of 2022. Are we talking about data distortion amidst post-pandemic normalization getting ready for another recovery, or are we in the early stages of what's yet to be felt given the long and variable lags of monetary policy?
4.) The fourth element of the economy, which the Fed and corporations are concerned with is wages. Wages in almost all areas of the economy are getting ever closer to outpace headline inflation, which in turn means we could start to see real wage gains. Real wage gains may start to occur in the thick of a fundamental shift in terms of how income gets allocated between capital and labor. Since 1979, workers' share of corporate income has steadily declined. As companies deal with labor availability problems while they keep reshoring, more income may have to get allocated towards workers' wages. Interestingly enough, the bureau of labor statistics' data does not echo labor availability concerns. In fact, "only" 8 out of 21 occupation categories had a lower headcount of workers in 2022 compared to 2019. I will have to do some more thinking on this one and keep you posted in the coming weeks.
If markets are dealing with the same cognitive dissonance I am, trimming and adding on the margin is the default for traders & investors. Without another financial crisis type event, catalysts may be few even though we will keep our eyes out for a new impetus that in turn could lead to accelerated price action. The reality is that historical bear markets have played out over long time frames, with some of them just chopping along. Ironically, when we hear "bear market", we default to Covid and the GFC.
Don't miss Episode 6 of our Triple Play Podcast -- Bill Baruch and Jannis Meindl share their thoughts on mega-cap tech and much more!
Be sure to access our weekly chart-pack with everything from credit spreads to in-depth corporate trends in pharma, streaming and chips.
Stay tuned for Episode 7 of Triple Play!
Until next time, good luck & good trading.
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